Guru Purnima – Day for Spiritual Progress
We observe the Ashadha Suddha Poornima (the full moon day in the month of Ashdha) as Guru Poornima/Guru Purnima. On this day the disciples,thank their Gurus,perform Guru Pooja and seek blessings from the Guru. Guru Purnima happens to be the Birthday of Shri VedaVyasa a very important person in our Guru Parampara.
Veda Vyasa was the incarnation of Lord Vishnu himself .
Vyasaya Vishnu Roopaya, Vyasa Roopaya Vishnave |
Namove Bhrama Nithaye, Vasishtaya Namo Namaha:||
Meaning: Salutation to Vyas who is in the form of Vishnu and Vishnu who is in the form of Vyas and one who is the treasure house of the Vedas. Salutation to one who was born in the noble family of Vasishta. The honour of being equal to Vishnu belonged to Maharushi Vyas.
Veda Vyasa’s contribution to Sanatan Dharma is immense , he did the veda vibhag i.e. he classified the Vedam as Rig Veda ,Yajur Veda ,Sama Veda and Atharvana Veda. Then he gave 18 Puranas and then he gave us Maha Bharatam /Maha Bharat .Then he gave us Brahma Sutras,Sri mad Bhagavatam ,Devi Bhagavatam & More, the list is long.It’s not possible tell about Bhagwan VedaVyasa in one post.
Puja which can be performed on Guru Purnima:
- Kula Devta Puja, accepting Kula devta as a Guru.
- Lord Shiva Puja, acepting Shiva as Yoga Guru.
- Aditya Puja, accepting Surya as Guru.
- Narayana Homa, accepting Narayana as Guru.
Kaayena Vaacaa ManaseaIndriyairvaaBuddhy[i]-Aatmanaa Vaa Prakrteh Svabhaavaat |Karomi Yad-Yat-Sakalam ParasmaiNaaraayannayeti Samarpayaami ||
- Any Puja performed in name of Parents and Elders who have guided you.
The importance of a teacher is all the more important when it comes to the spiritual path. Everyone , everyone in the spiritual path has and needs a “Guru”. In Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna emphasizes the importance of Guru .In the fourth chapter of Gita Lord Says
tad viddhi pranipatena
upadeksyanti te jnanam
Meaning: For knowledge we have got to go to the right person, one who has actually seen or experienced the Absolute Truth. Unless we find such a person who has actually seen the Absolute Truth or who has in his experience what is Absolute Truth, there is very little chance of our spiritual advancement.
Krishna himself stood as a Guru to Arjuna and gave Bhagawad Gita to this world .
Hence there is a saying “Krishnam vande Jagadgurum”.
Guru who leads from Darkness to light:
गुशब्दस्त्वन्धकारः स्यात् रुशब्दस्तन्निरोधकः।
अन्धकारनिरोधित्वात् गुरुरित्यभिधीयते॥ १६॥
The syllable gu means darkness, the syllable ru, he who dispels them,
Because of the power to dispel darkness, the guru is thus named.
—Advayataraka Upanishad, Verse 16
The ancient tradition of reverence for the guru in Hindu scriptures is apparent in 6.23 of the Shvetashvatara Upanishad, which equates the need of reverence and devotion for guru to be the same as for god,
यस्य देवे परा भक्तिः यथा देवे तथा गुरौ ।
तस्यैते कथिता ह्यर्थाः प्रकाशन्ते महात्मनः ॥ २३ ॥
He who has highest Bhakti (love, devotion) of Deva (god),
just like his Deva, so for his Guru,
To him who is high-minded,
these teachings will be illuminating.
— Shvetashvatara Upanishad 6.23
Even parent is a Guru as they are the best Teacher /Guru to a child. Guru is the one who acts as the link between the God and the human soul. And having a Guru in your life is a must. Guru is the one who teaches about life, spirituality, gives knowledge, and finally, guides a person to reach God. On this day, one should pray Parents, Teachers and seek their blessings.
In Sikhism, Guru is the source of all knowledge which is Almighty. In Chopai Sahib, Guru Gobind Singh states about who is the Guru:
ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਜੋਗੀ ਸ਼ਿਵ ਕੀਯੋ ॥ ਬੇਦ ਰਾਜ ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾ ਜੂ ਥੀਯੋ ॥
ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਸਭ ਲੋਕ ਸਵਾਰਾ ॥ ਨਮਸ਼ਕਾਰ ਹੈ ਤਾਹਿ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੪॥
ਜਵਨ ਕਾਲ ਸਭ ਜਗਤ ਬਨਾਯੋ॥ ਦੇਵ ਦੈਤ ਜੱਛਨ ਉਪਜਾਯੋ ॥
ਆਦਿ ਅੰਤਿ ਏਕੈ ਅਵਤਾਰਾ॥ ਸੋਈ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਮਝਿਯਹੁ ਹਮਾਰਾ ॥੩੮੫॥
The Temporal Lord, who created Shiva, the Yogi; who created Brahma, the Master of the Vedas;
The Temporal Lord who fashioned the entire world; I salute the same Lord.
The Temporal Lord, who created the whole world; who created gods, demons and yakshas;
He is the only one form the beginning to the end; I consider Him only my Guru.
—Dasam Granth, 384-385
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